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Top 5 Open Source AI Solutions for Image Processing

George Miller

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Top 5 Open Source AI Solutions for Image Processing
Reading Time: 4 minutes

 

A few decades or even years ago, self-driving cars and computers with a human-like vision were just a figment of the fantasy writer’s imagination. But today, Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies allow cars to drive safely across busy streets and computers to interpret pictures almost like humans do.

Developers have made impressive progress on how to implement AI on image processing tasks. Furthermore, image processing solutions with AI are widely used in various fields, from medicine to law enforcement to cybersecurity and retail.

AI and machine learning make it possible for the machines to inherit new functionalities through the process of learning. Similarly to small kids, machines can gain the ability to acquire and understand visual information by processing massive amounts of images. To process so much data faster without compromising the final result, developers use image processing models based on machine learning and deep learning algorithms.

In particular, image processing and computer vision solutions use deep learning for accomplishing such complex tasks as:

  • Image classification
  • Object recognition
  • Object tracking
  • Image generation
  • Image retrieval

To implement some computer vision functionalities into your product, you’ll need a large set of tools and resources: image datasets, libraries with code samples, frameworks for creating and training deep learning models. Fortunately, there are a lot of open-course services that you can use to make machine learning less of a mystery and ease the development of your own AI-based image processing solution.

Below, we take a closer look at the five best open source image processing solutions that you can apply to your projects:

  • OpenCV
  • TensorFlow
  • Keras
  • Caffe
  • Google Colab

Let’s get started!

OpenCV

Open Source Computer Vision Library (OpenCV) is one of the most popular open source services for image processing. It’s a free computer vision library that you can use to perform various image processing tasks:

  • Image acquisition
  • Image compression and decompression
  • Image enhancement and restoration
  • Image denoising
  • Image segmentation
  • Data extraction, and more

The library includes numerous algorithms and functions as well as special modules aimed at image processing tasks. Starting from the library version 3.1, there’s also a deep learning module for building and training deep learning models.

With this module, you can use OpenCV to extract features from processed images, and then apply a machine learning model using one of the supported machine learning frameworks.

As of today, OpenCV supports a number of popular frameworks, including TensorFlow, PyTorch, and Caffe. The list of supported types of neural networks includes convolutional, deconvolutional, and recurrent neural networks.

The library is written in C++ and supports C++, Java, Python, and MATLAB interfaces.

TensorFlow

TensorFlow is an open-source machine learning framework created by Google. Initially, the project was started for research purposes of the Google Brain team. Today, however, TensorFlow is widely used by both small startups and large companies such as Dropbox, Intel, and Twitter.

You can use TensorFlow to process different types of data, but in relation to image processing, this framework works best for:

  • Image classification
  • Image recognition
  • Image segmentation
  • Image to image translation (pix2pix)

TensorFlow includes a set of libraries for creating and training custom deep learning models and neural networks. The framework supports Jupyter notebooks and provides a style guide with recommendations on writing readable, consistent code.

TensorFlow supports several popular programming languages, including C++, Python, Java, Rust, and Go. However, you can install third-party bindings for other languages, such as Ruby, Scala, or PHP.

Keras

Keras is an open-source Python library for creating deep learning models. It’s a great solution for those who only begin to use machine learning algorithms in their projects as it simplifies the creation of a deep learning model from scratch. Keras is easy to manage and it is suitable for fast and simple prototyping of different types of neural networks.

The library was built on TensorFlow and is currently fully integrated into the framework. This means that you can write your deep learning model in Keras, as it has a much more user-friendly interface, and then easily implement a specific functionality or feature from TensorFlow in this model.

Keras can also be deployed on top of other popular AI frameworks such as Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit and Theano.

Caffe

Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding (Caffe) is an open-source framework that can also be used for creating and training popular types of deep learning architectures. You can use Caffe to accomplish such tasks as image classification, segmentation, and recognition.

Caffe is written in C++ but it also has a Python interface. The framework supports both CPU- and GPU-based accelerated libraries such as NVIDIA cuDNN and Intel MKL. The framework also has a special database, Caffe Model Zoo, containing a set of pre-trained deep learning models. As of today, it offers four BAIR-trained models:

  • BAIR Reference CaffeNet
  • BAIR Reference R-CNN ILSVRC-2013
  • BAIR AlexNet
  • BAIR GoogLeNet

Model Zoo also includes a number of community models trained by other Caffe users. As for the types of supported neural networks, Caffe works best with convolutional neural networks (CNN) and feedforward networks. At the same time, it’s not the best choice for training recurrent neural networks.

In 2017, Facebook launched Caffe2, an open-source framework for training and deploying deep learning models. And in 2018, Caffe2 was integrated with another popular AI framework, PyTorch.

Caffe2 comes with C++ and Python APIs and supports all popular platforms.

Google Colaboratory (Colab)

Google Colaboratory, or simply Colab, is one of the top image processing services. While it’s rather a cloud service than a framework, you can still use Colab for building custom deep learning applications from scratch. With the help of Colab, you can perform such image processing tasks as image classification, segmentation, and object detection.

Google Colab eases the use of other popular AI-based tools such as OpenCV, TensorFlow, and Keras. The service uses Jupyter Notebooks, helping developers to share their knowledge, tips, and best practices on building AI-based applications. Plus, in contrast to other similar services, Colab offers free usage of both CPU- and GPU-based acceleration.

Conclusion

Machine learning models and algorithms help developers implement specific image processing functionalities into their products both quickly and easily. However, building a custom machine learning model or neural network requires lots of resources and a high level of technology expertise. With the help of the listed open-source tools, libraries, and frameworks, you can simplify the process of leveraging Artificial Intelligence technologies to your benefit.

 

This article is a contribution from Marcell Gogan.  Marcell is a specialist within digital security solutions, business design and development, virtualization and cloud computing, R&D projects, establishment and management of software research direction – working with Ekran System. He also loves writing about data management and cybersecurity. 

George Miller started his career in content marketing and has started working as an Editor/Content Manager for our company in 2016. George has acquired many experiences when it comes to interviews and newsworthy content becoming Head of Content in 2017. He is responsible for the news being shared on multiple websites that are part of the European Gaming Media Network.

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Industry News

Microgaming to Close its Poker Network in 2020

Niji Narayan

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Microgaming to Close its Poker Network in 2020
Reading Time: 1 minute

 

Microgaming is going to close the Microgaming Poker Network (MPN) in 2020. MPN is an award-winning network that has provided online poker players with unique and entertaining gaming experiences for more than 16 years.

“The network model no longer fits with our strategic vision for poker, and this is the right time to announce the closure as we focus on redistributing key resources and personnel across the business. While the network will be closing, this is not the end for poker at Microgaming, which is driven to create the most enjoyable entertainment experiences, leading the way with world-class gaming content. Ultimately, this move will help the business to achieve that vision as we follow a new strategic direction for the vertical, details of which will be revealed in due course,” John Coleman, CEO of Microgaming said.

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SUZOHAPP Wins “Fastest Growing Vertical” Award

Niji Narayan

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SUZOHAPP Wins “Fastest Growing Vertical” Award
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SUZOHAPP has received the “Fastest Growing Vertical” award from Newland. The award was presented during the Newland Partner Event that took place in Ireland.

Goran Sovilj, SUZOHAPP EMEA Executive VP for Gaming and Amusement, received the award from Newland Auto ID CEO Mr. Guo and Newland EMEA CEO Peter Sliedrecht.

“I am very proud of my team here in the EMEA region. We bring proven the value we bring to the industry. We have introduced a scanner to the market that has quickly been accepted by a growing number of OEMs as the preferred scanner given its technological benefits and proven quality. Indeed, this award reflects our long-term commitment to the global gaming industry,” Goran said.

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Zynga Poker Partners with Brad Garrett for “Celebrity Home Game”

Niji Narayan

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Zynga Poker Partners with Brad Garrett for “Celebrity Home Game”
Reading Time: 1 minute

 

Mobile poker game Zynga Poker has partnered with Emmy Award winner Brad Garrett for a special “Celebrity Home Game” sweepstakes event.

By completing challenges daily in the Zynga Poker, two lucky players will win seats at a celebrity card game in Southern California, hosted by Garrett himself. Zynga will donate up to $100,000 to the Maximum Hope Foundation, a non-profit organisation founded by Garrett that provides financial stability for parents of children diagnosed with life-limiting conditions.

“What I love about Zynga Poker is that you can practice your game without having to worry about your ‘tells’ or poker table etiquette – it’s just about the cards. I can make a sincere pledge to the winners of this sweepstakes – when you’re at my Home Game, we’ll be playing by these same rules. Check your poker face at the door, and get ready to have some fun,” Brad Garrett said.

“Poker isn’t a game of chance – it’s all about showmanship and skill, and that’s something Brad Garrett has in spades – no matter what he says. We’re proud to bring our players an opportunity to participate in a once-in-a-lifetime poker night, hosted by a legend in comedy and a hero to families in need. Now our players have the opportunity to show off their skills and prove that lady luck plays favorites,” Bernard Kim, Zynga’s President of Publishing said.

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