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Top 5 Open Source AI Solutions for Image Processing

George Miller

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Top 5 Open Source AI Solutions for Image Processing
Reading Time: 4 minutes

 

A few decades or even years ago, self-driving cars and computers with a human-like vision were just a figment of the fantasy writer’s imagination. But today, Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies allow cars to drive safely across busy streets and computers to interpret pictures almost like humans do.

Developers have made impressive progress on how to implement AI on image processing tasks. Furthermore, image processing solutions with AI are widely used in various fields, from medicine to law enforcement to cybersecurity and retail.

AI and machine learning make it possible for the machines to inherit new functionalities through the process of learning. Similarly to small kids, machines can gain the ability to acquire and understand visual information by processing massive amounts of images. To process so much data faster without compromising the final result, developers use image processing models based on machine learning and deep learning algorithms.

In particular, image processing and computer vision solutions use deep learning for accomplishing such complex tasks as:

  • Image classification
  • Object recognition
  • Object tracking
  • Image generation
  • Image retrieval

To implement some computer vision functionalities into your product, you’ll need a large set of tools and resources: image datasets, libraries with code samples, frameworks for creating and training deep learning models. Fortunately, there are a lot of open-course services that you can use to make machine learning less of a mystery and ease the development of your own AI-based image processing solution.

Below, we take a closer look at the five best open source image processing solutions that you can apply to your projects:

  • OpenCV
  • TensorFlow
  • Keras
  • Caffe
  • Google Colab

Let’s get started!

OpenCV

Open Source Computer Vision Library (OpenCV) is one of the most popular open source services for image processing. It’s a free computer vision library that you can use to perform various image processing tasks:

  • Image acquisition
  • Image compression and decompression
  • Image enhancement and restoration
  • Image denoising
  • Image segmentation
  • Data extraction, and more

The library includes numerous algorithms and functions as well as special modules aimed at image processing tasks. Starting from the library version 3.1, there’s also a deep learning module for building and training deep learning models.

With this module, you can use OpenCV to extract features from processed images, and then apply a machine learning model using one of the supported machine learning frameworks.

As of today, OpenCV supports a number of popular frameworks, including TensorFlow, PyTorch, and Caffe. The list of supported types of neural networks includes convolutional, deconvolutional, and recurrent neural networks.

The library is written in C++ and supports C++, Java, Python, and MATLAB interfaces.

TensorFlow

TensorFlow is an open-source machine learning framework created by Google. Initially, the project was started for research purposes of the Google Brain team. Today, however, TensorFlow is widely used by both small startups and large companies such as Dropbox, Intel, and Twitter.

You can use TensorFlow to process different types of data, but in relation to image processing, this framework works best for:

  • Image classification
  • Image recognition
  • Image segmentation
  • Image to image translation (pix2pix)

TensorFlow includes a set of libraries for creating and training custom deep learning models and neural networks. The framework supports Jupyter notebooks and provides a style guide with recommendations on writing readable, consistent code.

TensorFlow supports several popular programming languages, including C++, Python, Java, Rust, and Go. However, you can install third-party bindings for other languages, such as Ruby, Scala, or PHP.

Keras

Keras is an open-source Python library for creating deep learning models. It’s a great solution for those who only begin to use machine learning algorithms in their projects as it simplifies the creation of a deep learning model from scratch. Keras is easy to manage and it is suitable for fast and simple prototyping of different types of neural networks.

The library was built on TensorFlow and is currently fully integrated into the framework. This means that you can write your deep learning model in Keras, as it has a much more user-friendly interface, and then easily implement a specific functionality or feature from TensorFlow in this model.

Keras can also be deployed on top of other popular AI frameworks such as Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit and Theano.

Caffe

Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding (Caffe) is an open-source framework that can also be used for creating and training popular types of deep learning architectures. You can use Caffe to accomplish such tasks as image classification, segmentation, and recognition.

Caffe is written in C++ but it also has a Python interface. The framework supports both CPU- and GPU-based accelerated libraries such as NVIDIA cuDNN and Intel MKL. The framework also has a special database, Caffe Model Zoo, containing a set of pre-trained deep learning models. As of today, it offers four BAIR-trained models:

  • BAIR Reference CaffeNet
  • BAIR Reference R-CNN ILSVRC-2013
  • BAIR AlexNet
  • BAIR GoogLeNet

Model Zoo also includes a number of community models trained by other Caffe users. As for the types of supported neural networks, Caffe works best with convolutional neural networks (CNN) and feedforward networks. At the same time, it’s not the best choice for training recurrent neural networks.

In 2017, Facebook launched Caffe2, an open-source framework for training and deploying deep learning models. And in 2018, Caffe2 was integrated with another popular AI framework, PyTorch.

Caffe2 comes with C++ and Python APIs and supports all popular platforms.

Google Colaboratory (Colab)

Google Colaboratory, or simply Colab, is one of the top image processing services. While it’s rather a cloud service than a framework, you can still use Colab for building custom deep learning applications from scratch. With the help of Colab, you can perform such image processing tasks as image classification, segmentation, and object detection.

Google Colab eases the use of other popular AI-based tools such as OpenCV, TensorFlow, and Keras. The service uses Jupyter Notebooks, helping developers to share their knowledge, tips, and best practices on building AI-based applications. Plus, in contrast to other similar services, Colab offers free usage of both CPU- and GPU-based acceleration.

Conclusion

Machine learning models and algorithms help developers implement specific image processing functionalities into their products both quickly and easily. However, building a custom machine learning model or neural network requires lots of resources and a high level of technology expertise. With the help of the listed open-source tools, libraries, and frameworks, you can simplify the process of leveraging Artificial Intelligence technologies to your benefit.

 

This article is a contribution from Marcell Gogan.  Marcell is a specialist within digital security solutions, business design and development, virtualization and cloud computing, R&D projects, establishment and management of software research direction – working with Ekran System. He also loves writing about data management and cybersecurity. 

Industry News

Melco Appoints Grant Johnson as New Head of City of Dreams Mediterranean and Cyprus Casinos

Niji Narayan

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Melco Appoints Grant Johnson as New Head of City of Dreams Mediterranean and Cyprus Casinos
Photo Source: cypruscasinos.com
Reading Time: < 1 minute

 

Melco Resorts and Entertainment has promoted Grant Johnson as the Senior Vice President and Property General Manager of City of Dreams Mediterranean and Cyprus Casinos “C2”. Johnson will report to Evan Andrew Winkler, President of Melco.

Johnson is responsible for the continued development of the upcoming City of Dreams Mediterranean which will be the largest Integrated Resort (IR) in Europe and the management and operations of Cyprus Casinos. Mr. Craig Ballantyne, Property President of City of Dreams Mediterranean and Cyprus Casinos, retired on April 1.

“Congratulations to Grant Johnson on his new appointment. With his proven track record of delivering growth for the company I am confident that we can continue pushing boundaries as a global leader in innovative luxury entertainment offerings. This promotion represents Melco’s commitment to internal career opportunities. I also wish to thank Mr. Craig Ballantyne for his outstanding service to Melco as Property President of City of Dreams Mediterranean and Cyprus Casinos and wish him the very best for his retirement,” Lawrence Ho, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Melco, said.

Prior to this promotion, Johnson was SVP, Casino Sales, Marketing & Operations at Studio City in Macau, and previously was SVP, Casino Sales & Marketing for Altira Macau and Mocha Clubs. Prior to this, Johnson handled various non-gaming marketing roles throughout Melco properties in Macau. Johnson began his career with Melco in 2011.

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Industry News

Zimpler Announces Expansion to the EU and the UK

Niji Narayan

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Zimpler Announces Expansion to the EU and the UK
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Fintech company Zimpler has announced its expansion into the EU and the UK.

Zimpler is a Swedish Fintech company that manages transactions between end users and businesses. Now, they leave the Nordics and will enable companies to do instant payouts to customers in the EU and UK within the year.

“Payouts is medieval outside of the Nordics. Today you will have to wait for days before you get your money into your bank account, with our solution it will take seconds,” Jonas Persson, VP sales at Zimpler, said.

First to go live with the solution is iGaming company Videoslots.

“We have been working with Zimpler in the Swedish market for many years and we are thrilled with how constructive and solution-oriented they are in all situations. That they now expand their solution to other European markets is fantastic news and it will change the market at its core,” Ali Atam, CMO at Videoslots, said.

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Industry News

Gauselmann Group Opens New Venues in UK

Niji Narayan

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Gauselmann Group Opens New Venues in UK
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German gambling company Gauselmann group has gone one step further by investing in the high street and launching its Merkur Slots brand nationally. The company has opened three brand-new venues in Southall, Hornchurch and Lancaster on July 4.

Gauselmann group plans to open many more Merkur Slots venues across the UK this year. The company will open with three more venues in Saltash, Bolton and Wolverhampton, this month.

“This is a very exciting time for the Merkur Slots brand. So many companies haven’t survived the effects of the pandemic and we are delighted to be able to give customers a brand-new experience in locations where we don’t currently have a presence. It means a lot to us to be part of kick-starting the high street again and supporting the local community with new job opportunities,” Mark Schertle, COO of Gauselmann group, said.

Merkur Slots provides the latest in digital venues. All machines and advertising are fully digitised and customers will be able to enjoy all of their favourite games, as well as the latest in Blueprint games.

All venues will be COVID-secure, with Gauselmann group implementing an “Open, clean, safe” campaign which will focus heavily on ensuring new safety precautions are in-place and everything is communicated effectively with customers, via social channels and the official website.

“We look forward to welcoming customers back to gaming after a small hiatus and we feel we have a unique edge in that we can offer them brand-new, modern venues that have been designed with social distancing in mind. Customers can game with total confidence. Thank you to all our staff who have worked tirelessly to get the venues up and running ahead of opening,” Schertle said.

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